The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The link between alcohol, drugs and crime is one of the most noteworthy parts of risks resulting from the consumption of alcohol and drugs.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
Because of such extensive increase in the abuse of substance, the number of people in prison has drastically increased.
A large number of individuals who are behind bars have admitted to having been drunk at the time they were arrested and the problem can also be noted by the influence of alcohol in a large number of violent crimes that occur nowadays.
More rapes, murders, assaults and other violent crimes have come about as a result of alcohol use compared to any other drug. Around 3 million violent crimes occur within the country every year, and most victims are left with the perception that the offender could have been consuming alcohol. The statistics related to alcohol abuse by violent offenders generally provide evidence that nearly 50% of all homicides and assaults are committed when both the offender, and the victim were indulging in the consumption of alcohol. Among violent crimes and with the exception of robberies, it has been noticed that in most cases the offender is likely to have been consuming alcohol than under the influence of other prohibited substances.
When the offender and offended know one other, alcohol is usually involved when violence breaks out between them. 66% of the victims who were attacked by an intimate friend reportedly confirmed that alcohol consumption was involved and just 31% of all victimisation's by strangers are related to alcohol. Alcohol consuming offenders are involved in up to 500,000 quarrels between people living together; alcohol is also involved in about 118,000 family fights where the spouse is not involved, while 744,000 cases involving relatives are due to alcohol.
There are some complications when it comes to the connection between crime and drug use, with the poser being whether people that use drugs are already disposed towards crimes or whether it is drug consumption that makes them commit crimes.
Many users of illegal drugs do not commit any crimes, and a number of individuals who commit crimes do not use illegal drugs. When the drug use becomes much more intense though, the use of drugs can amplify the criminality of the individual and thus the correlation between drug use and criminal activity is much greater.
There are essentially three types of crimes, which are related to drugs:
People who have developed a dependency on the drug are twice as likely to be arrested for acquisitive crimes such as shop theft and burglary or robbery and handling stolen goods - crimes that are often related to "feeding the habit." 17% convicts admitted to commit crimes to get money for drugs, 2004 crime rate conducted survey revealed. Medication abuse and ladies, men and youngsters are closely connected. These people are included in selling and buying of drugs, or abused by, the sex trafficking business. A significant number of these people are captured by the criminal justice framework. Because of the forced prostitution and the need to find ways of dealing with it, the evidence suggests that these individuals have turned to illicit substance abuse.
In the UK alone, over a million people are arrested for drunk driving which accounts for the third frequently reported crime committed offense. Driving under the influenze of liquor and drugs is the main source of death, damage and causes handicap to youngsters less than 21 years old. It accounts to almost 40% of all road fatalities. 36 people die daily and nearly 700 sustain injuries, multiple fractures resulting from motor vehicle accidents involving drunk drivers. 18% of deaths from car crashes involve the use of some other drug (such as cocaine or marijuana) usually used concurrently with alcohol.
In 2007 and according to The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, approximately one out of eight weekend nighttime drivers tested positive for illicit drugs. One out of every eight seniors in high school responded to a study conducted in 2010 confirmed that they had been driving after smoking marijuana within two weeks earlier in the survey interview.
Pain killers' prescription drugs used to relieve worry and correct lack of sleep have instructions prohibiting users from manning such machinery, which includes, driving heavy motor vehicles during specific doctor's direction duration of using the drug. Taking prescription drugs without medical supervision is a recipe for disaster when it comes to driving and heavy activities.
Four out of five young people arrested for petty offenses committed such crimes under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the positive drug test results indicated in addition to admission of the offender as having abused drug, drinking alcohol or a combination the two prior to committing the offense and subsequent arrest.
Of 2.4 million total juvenile arrests, 1.9 million had substance abuse or addiction involvement but only 68,600 of these received treatment for their substance abuse problem.
When it comes to domestic violence involving spouses, three out of four occurrences allegedly included a guilty party who had been utilizing liquor.
As per a recent report, women related crime committed by a spouse in the previous 12 months revealed essentially higher substance mishandle and other wellbeing - related issues. 33 percent of crime against women encountering physical abuse is due to medication and liquor issues, contrasted with 16 percent of the individuals who did not encounter brutality.
Domestic violence can also affect other members of the family. 50% of children who experience domestic violence between parents or guardians are prone to turn to drug and alcohol abuse, a study conducted in the UK showed.
Drugs were involved in just 9 percent of the reported cases where someone was assaulted, while alcohol was reported in 55 percent of the cases (5 percent of cases had a direct link to drugs, versus the 65% that were directly linked to alcohol when it came to spousal physical abuse).
No reported child abuse cases are distinctively tied to alcohol abuse, however, numerous aspects are known to influence and lead to child molestation. Contemporary success image, alcohol and drug abuse, and society status quo put a great deal of pressure on the family which causes increased stressful negative impact on parents and children. 4 in 10 reported cases on child molestation can be traced to drinking during occurrence of the incident.
Half of the inmates depend on substances and meet drug abuse standard yardstick however, only 20 of the number in need of help benefit from the treatment.
For a lot of people in the criminal justice system, it is impossible to prevent future crimes and re-entry into the system after discharge without treatment addiction. Roughly 95% of detainees come back to liquor and medication use after discharge from jail, and 60 - 80% of medication abusers carry out another wrongdoing (regularly a medication driven wrongdoing) after discharge from jail.
To break this cycle for those criminals with drug and alcohol problems, treatment is the best option. Research conducted has provided evidence that treatment does work and allows people an opportunity to recover from the addiction and maintain abstinence from alcohol and drugs. Research also indicates that law breaking behaviour reduces as substance misuse reduces as well. A jail or a prison should be the location where people who are incarcerated can get the help that is required.
Money is also saved through treatment. A review found that for every dollar spent on substance mishandle treatment, '5.60 is spared as far as less captures, detainments, sustenance stamp utilize, and also lowers youngster welfare and medicinal expenses. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.